Stanisław Antoni Szczuka, of
Grabie coat of arms (1652 or 1654-1710)
of the extraordinary Seym in Warsaw 17 XI 1688-1 IV 1689 and the pacification
Seym in Warsaw 16-30 VI 1699.
Referendary of the Crown from 1688, Envoy of the Commonwealth
in Prussia in 1690, Grand Vice-Chancellor of Lithuania from 1699.
He came from a middle-gentry family and it was only due to
his talents and diligence that he acquired top public offices. He began career
as a secretary to King Jan Sobieski. After 1696 he became an adviser to August
II . In 1706 he went over to Stanisław Leszczyński's side. A political writer
- apart from Seym speeches he published deliberations about the Commonwealth
'Eclipsis Poloniae Orbi Publico Demonstrata'(1709), where he presented the projects
of treasury reforms ( restitution of royal lands), army reforms and also postulated
establishing a network of free state schools.
Portrait of Stanisław Antoni Szczuka, 17th
undefined Polish painter, oil canvas; 201cm x 123cm,
The National Museum in Warsaw, Wilanów Branch (cat. no 1234 Wil.)